Image Credit: Tiyok
It is important for parents and teachers to learn about ways in coping with ADHD. It is a fact that ADHD can hinder the maximum learning potential of a child in school. This is of great concern to those parties who are interested in the child’s education, which would be mostly the child’s parents and teachers.
It would be a great deal of waste if the child is by nature intelligent, and could have achieved much, but because of his inability to focus and impulsivity (brought about by having ADHD), he would not be able to develop his maximum potential.
Thus, these tips on coping with ADHD would be really valuable to be able to improve the ability of the child to grasp his lessons in school even amidst ADHD.
Behavior modification is one of the most effective strategies in coping with ADHD. The following techniques of coping with ADHD are all behavior modification strategies:
1. Use of reward & consequence
- Educators can swear for the effectiveness of the use of positive or negative consequences either to reinforce positive behavior or to correct negative behavior.
- For example, a child can be given verbal praises when he was able to accomplish a given task. On the other hand, he can be given reprimands or simple punishments for not remaining on his seat during classroom discussion.
2. Repetition when giving instructions
- This strategy on coping with ADHD is especially effective for children that get low scores on exams not because of not knowing the answer, but because of not following exam instructions. Even with difficulty in focusing on something, a child can find it easier to follow instructions when it is repeated by the teacher for several times.
3. Providing frequent verbal feedback
- Attention span is frequently shorter on a child with ADHD, that is why when given a task, it is helpful to prompt the child with frequent verbal feedback to make sure that the child is able to follow through the instruction of the task. Verbal feedback can also be used in motivating the child to finish a task when the teacher observes that the child seems to be losing his interest or attention towards the task.
4. Use of routines
- This is another strategy of coping with ADHD that addresses a child’s carelessness with regards to details of everyday activities. Forgetfulness about simple details is one common problem of children with ADHD. If a routine is practiced daily, the child has a lesser tendency to forget small details regarding everyday tasks.
5. Teach the child to organize his things
- Children with ADHD have the tendency to lose things such as school supplies or even toys. Organizing his things into how they are placed in his room decreases the tendency for the child to forget where his things are.
6. Use planners, lists, written reminders or posted notes
- Planners can help in organizing the schedule of upcoming activities like assignments or tests. This can improve the child’s anticipation and preparation for such activities. Lists, written reminders and posted notes can help the child to be always “on track” of the tasks that he has to accomplish.
7. Breaking down long, complicated tasks into a series or short, simple tasks
- A child with ADHD will usually get easily exhausted with longer tasks. If the task is broken down into a series of small tasks, each small task accomplished can give a sense of achievement to the child and thus, will increase the child’s eagerness to accomplish the task.
It is a rule of thumb in special education that “no two children are alike”. These strategies in coping with ADHD may be effective for one but may not work for the other. However, the above mentioned techniques in coping with ADHD may be tried by parents because these techniques has been tried and proven to increase the ability of a child to focus on school lessons and activities.